^Q TAI GROUP. word may have different tones in different languages. Moreover, in the on« word, the tones of which I have been able to ascertain, they differ from those in use in Khfimti and Shan. This is the word md} which, when it means 6 a horse', has in Ahom a long tone, and in JChamti an abrupt tone, while ma, a dog, has in Ahom an abrupt tone, but in Khamti and Shan a rising inflection. Articles*—There does not seem to be any word which performs the function of a definite article. Probably a demonstrative pronoun can be used when required. For the indefinite article the numeral Ung, one, is employed. Thus, Icm-pM-lang, person male one, a man, In Khamti, a is prefixed to Ung in this sense, but this does not appear to be the case in Ahom. The Interrogative-Indefinite Pronoun phrau is used to mean' a certain'. nouns,—Gender.—Ahom words wben performing the functions of nouns have no gender. When, in the case of living creatures, it is required to distinguish sex, this is done by compounding the main word with another word meaning e male' or * female'. The words most commonly used with human beings arej?A0 for the masculine, and ml for the feminine. Thus, te, a person; kun-phu, person male, man; kun-mls person female, woman, Other words used are Uk, for the masculine, and &ung for the feminine. Ex- amples are Ma, slave ; kha-lik, a male servant, kha-nmg» a female servant. With nouns of relationship man and fiung are used. Thus, po or po-mdn} a father; ndng, a younger brother or sister; ndng-mdn, a younger brother; ndng-nmig or nmg~nting, a younger sister; luk, a child; Ink-man, a son; fak-fifing, a daughter. In words like po-mdn instead of po, the man is said to gire the idea of respect. In the case of irrational animals thuk indicates the male sexs and me the female. Thus,— ma-thukt horse mfrme, mare. ma-tkuk, dog ma~me9 bitch. hu-thukj bull hu->me, cow. j>e-ngd-thukt he-goat pe-ngd~met she-goat. tu-ngl-tliuk> male deer tu-ngl-me, female deer. In other Tai languages, the followuig words are used to indicate gender:— KbaiutL Slian Siamese. Male human beings ....... cliai G/vat scot Female ditto ....... ying ying sffw, ha-ftmg, Male irrational animals ...... thuk po tua-phti. Female ditto ....... me me i«a-wtta, In some instances in Ahom, as in other Tai languages, difference of gender is expressed by the use of different words, Thus po, father; me, mother. Number.—Usually the idea of plurality is left to be inferred from the nature of the sentence. If, however, it is necessary to express it, this is generally done by preSxing the word U«#, which is also used as the plural of the third personal pronoun, meaning * they'.